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Definitions of Managed Objects for Parallel-printer-like Hardware Devices.
B. Stewart. April 1992.

 
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Network Working Group B. Stewart, Editor Request for Comments: 1318 Xyplex, Inc. April 1992 Definitions of Managed Objects for Parallel-printer-like Hardware Devices Status of this Memo This document specifies an IAB standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "IAB Official Protocol Standards" for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. 1. Abstract This memo defines a portion of the Management Information Base (MIB) for use with network management protocols in TCP/IP based internets. In particular, it defines objects for the management of parallel-printer-like devices. 2. The Network Management Framework The Internet-standard Network Management Framework consists of three components. They are: RFC 1155 which defines the SMI, the mechanisms used for describing and naming objects for the purpose of management. RFC 1212 defines a more concise description mechanism, which is wholly consistent with the SMI. RFC 1156 which defines MIB-I, the core set of managed objects for the Internet suite of protocols. RFC 1213, defines MIB-II, an evolution of MIB-I based on implementation experience and new operational requirements. RFC 1157 which defines the SNMP, the protocol used for network access to managed objects. The Framework permits new objects to be defined for the purpose of experimentation and evaluation. 3. Objects Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. Character MIB Working Group [Page 1]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 Objects in the MIB are defined using the subset of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) [7] defined in the SMI. In particular, each object has a name, a syntax, and an encoding. The name is an object identifier, an administratively assigned name, which specifies an object type. The object type together with an object instance serves to uniquely identify a specific instantiation of the object. For human convenience, we often use a textual string, termed the OBJECT DESCRIPTOR, to also refer to the object type. The syntax of an object type defines the abstract data structure corresponding to that object type. The ASN.1 language is used for this purpose. However, the SMI [3] purposely restricts the ASN.1 constructs which may be used. These restrictions are explicitly made for simplicity. The encoding of an object type is simply how that object type is represented using the object type's syntax. Implicitly tied to the notion of an object type's syntax and encoding is how the object type is represented when being transmitted on the network. The SMI specifies the use of the basic encoding rules of ASN.1 [8], subject to the additional requirements imposed by the SNMP. 3.1. Format of Definitions Section 5 contains the specification of all object types contained in this MIB module. The object types are defined using the conventions defined in the SMI, as amended by the extensions specified in [9,10]. 4. Overview The Parallel-printer-like Hardware Device MIB applies to interface ports that might logically support the Interface MIB, a Transmission MIB, or the Character MIB (most likely the latter). The most common example is a Centronics or Data Products type parallel printer port. The Parallel-printer-like MIB is one of a set of MIBs designed for complementary use. At this writing, the set comprises: Character MIB Working Group [Page 2]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 Character MIB PPP MIB RS-232-like MIB Parallel-printer-like MIB The RS-232-like MIB and the Parallel-printer-like MIB represent the physical layer, providing service to higher layers such as the Character MIB or PPP MIB. Further MIBs may appear above these. The following diagram shows two possible "MIB stacks", each using the RS-232-like MIB. .-----------------. .-----------------. | Standard MIB | | Telnet MIB | | Interface Group | |-----------------| |-----------------| | Character MIB | | PPP MIB | |-----------------| |-----------------| | RS-232-like MIB | | RS-232-like MIB | `-----------------' `-----------------' The intent of the model is for the physical-level MIBs to represent the lowest level, regardless of the higher level that may be using it. In turn, separate higher level MIBs represent specific applications, such as a terminal (the Character MIB) or a network connection (the PPP MIB). The Parallel-printer-like MIB is mandatory for all systems that have such a hardware port supporting services managed through some other MIB, for example, the Character MIB. The Parallel-printer-like MIB includes multiple similar types of hardware, and as a result contains objects not applicable to all of those types. Such objects are in a separate branch of the MIB, which is required when applicable and otherwise absent. The Parallel-printer-like MIB includes Centronics, Data Products, and other parallel physical links with a similar set of control signals. The MIB contains objects that relate to physical layer connections. Such connections may provide interesting hardware signals (other than for basic data transfer), such as Power and PaperOut. The MIB comprises one base object and three tables, detailed Character MIB Working Group [Page 3]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 in the following sections. The tables contain objects for ports and input and output control signals. 5. Definitions RFC1318-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS Counter FROM RFC1155-SMI transmission FROM RFC1213-MIB OBJECT-TYPE FROM RFC-1212; -- this is the MIB module for Parallel-printer-like -- hardware devices para OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { transmission 34 } -- the generic Parallel-printer-like group -- Implementation of this group is mandatory for all -- systems that have Parallel-printer-like hardware -- ports supporting higher level services such as -- character streams paraNumber OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The number of ports (regardless of their current state) in the Parallel-printer-like port table." ::= { para 1 } -- the Parallel-printer-like Port table paraPortTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF ParaPortEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "A list of port entries. The number of entries is given by the value of paraNumber." ::= { para 2 } Character MIB Working Group [Page 4]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 paraPortEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ParaPortEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Status and parameter values for a port." INDEX { paraPortIndex } ::= { paraPortTable 1 } ParaPortEntry ::= SEQUENCE { paraPortIndex INTEGER, paraPortType INTEGER, paraPortInSigNumber INTEGER, paraPortOutSigNumber INTEGER } paraPortIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "A unique value for each port. Its value ranges between 1 and the value of paraNumber. By convention and if possible, hardware port numbers map directly to external connectors. The value for each port must remain constant at least from one re-initialization of the network management agent to the next." ::= { paraPortEntry 1 } paraPortType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { other(1), centronics(2), dataproducts(3) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The port's hardware type." ::= { paraPortEntry 2 } paraPortInSigNumber OBJECT-TYPE Character MIB Working Group [Page 5]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 SYNTAX INTEGER ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The number of input signals for the port in the input signal table (paraPortInSigTable). The table contains entries only for those signals the software can detect." ::= { paraPortEntry 3 } paraPortOutSigNumber OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The number of output signals for the port in the output signal table (paraPortOutSigTable). The table contains entries only for those signals the software can assert." ::= { paraPortEntry 4 } -- the Input Signal table paraInSigTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF ParaInSigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "A list of port input control signal entries." ::= { para 3 } paraInSigEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ParaInSigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Input control signal status for a hardware port." INDEX { paraInSigPortIndex, paraInSigName } ::= { paraInSigTable 1 } ParaInSigEntry ::= SEQUENCE { paraInSigPortIndex INTEGER, paraInSigName INTEGER, paraInSigState Character MIB Working Group [Page 6]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 INTEGER, paraInSigChanges Counter } paraInSigPortIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The value of paraPortIndex for the port to which this entry belongs." ::= { paraInSigEntry 1 } paraInSigName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { power(1), online(2), busy(3), paperout(4), fault(5) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Identification of a hardware signal." ::= { paraInSigEntry 2 } paraInSigState OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { none(1), on(2), off(3) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The current signal state." ::= { paraInSigEntry 3 } paraInSigChanges OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The number of times the signal has changed from 'on' to 'off' or from 'off' to 'on'." ::= { paraInSigEntry 4 } -- the Output Signal table paraOutSigTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF ParaOutSigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION Character MIB Working Group [Page 7]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 "A list of port output control signal entries." ::= { para 4 } paraOutSigEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX ParaOutSigEntry ACCESS not-accessible STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Output control signal status for a hardware port." INDEX { paraOutSigPortIndex, paraOutSigName } ::= { paraOutSigTable 1 } ParaOutSigEntry ::= SEQUENCE { paraOutSigPortIndex INTEGER, paraOutSigName INTEGER, paraOutSigState INTEGER, paraOutSigChanges Counter } paraOutSigPortIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The value of paraPortIndex for the port to which this entry belongs." ::= { paraOutSigEntry 1 } paraOutSigName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { power(1), online(2), busy(3), paperout(4), fault(5) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "Identification of a hardware signal." ::= { paraOutSigEntry 2 } paraOutSigState OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { none(1), on(2), off(3) } ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The current signal state." Character MIB Working Group [Page 8]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 ::= { paraOutSigEntry 3 } paraOutSigChanges OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter ACCESS read-only STATUS mandatory DESCRIPTION "The number of times the signal has changed from 'on' to 'off' or from 'off' to 'on'." ::= { paraOutSigEntry 4 } END 6. Acknowledgements Based on several private MIBs, this document was produced by the Character MIB Working Group: Anne Ambler, Spider Charles Bazaar, Emulex Christopher Bucci, Datability Anthony Chung, Hughes LAN Systems George Conant, Xyplex John Cook, Chipcom James Davin, MIT-LCS Shawn Gallagher, DEC Tom Grant, Xylogics Frank Huang, Emulex David Jordan, Emulex Satish Joshi, SynOptics Frank Kastenholz, Clearpoint Ken Key, University of Tennessee Jim Kinder, Fibercom Rajeev Kochhar, 3Com John LoVerso, Xylogics Keith McCloghrie, Hughes LAN Systems Donald Merritt, BRL David Perkins, 3Com Jim Reinstedler, Ungerman-Bass Marshall Rose, PSI Ron Strich, SSDS Dean Throop, DG Bill Townsend, Xylogics Jesse Walker, DEC David Waitzman, BBN Bill Westfield, cisco Character MIB Working Group [Page 9]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 7. References [1] Cerf, V., "IAB Recommendations for the Development of Internet Network Management Standards", RFC 1052, NRI, April 1988. [2] Cerf, V., "Report of the Second Ad Hoc Network Management Review Group", RFC 1109, NRI, August 1989. [3] Rose M., and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based internets", RFC 1155, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, May 1990. [4] McCloghrie K., and M. Rose, "Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets", RFC 1156, Hughes LAN Systems, Performance Systems International, May 1990. [5] Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M., and J. Davin, Simple Network Management Protocol", RFC 1157, SNMP Research, Performance Systems International, Performance Systems International, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, May 1990. [6] McCloghrie K., and M. Rose, Editors, "Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets", RFC 1213, Performance Systems International, March 1991. [7] Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Specification of Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1), International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8824, December 1987. [8] Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Specification of Basic Encoding Rules for Abstract Notation One (ASN.1), International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8825, December 1987. [9] Rose, M., and K. McCloghrie, Editors, "Concise MIB Definitions", RFC 1212, Performance Systems International, Hughes LAN Systems, March 1991. [10] Rose, M., Editor, "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the SNMP", RFC 1215, Performance Systems International, March 1991. 8. Security Considerations Security issues are not discussed in this memo. Character MIB Working Group [Page 10]
RFC 1318 PARALLEL-PRINTER-LIKE-MIB April 1992 9. Author's Address Bob Stewart Xyplex, Inc. 330 Codman Hill Road Boxborough, MA 01719 Phone: (508) 264-9900 EMail: rlstewart@eng.xyplex.com Character MIB Working Group [Page 11]

   

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